4 edition of Unilateral OECD policies to mitigate global climate change found in the catalog.
Unilateral OECD policies to mitigate global climate change
Stephen P. A. Brown
|Statement||Stephen P. A. Brown, Hillard G. Huntington.|
|Series||Research Department working paper ;, 0003, Working paper (Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas. Research Dept. : Online) ;, 0003.|
|Contributions||Huntington, Hillard G.|
|The Physical Object|
|LC Control Number||2005616092|
Dellink, S. Coherent and effective policies are needed. As the USA emits more than a quarter of all greenhouse gas emissions from developed countries, this put the ratification of the Protocol in jeopardy. Associated government policies should be technology neutral and support early stage pre-commercial activity to advance needed technology and cost breakthroughs. To protect their energy-intensive industries, some may be tempted to exempt these industries from emissions caps, provide them with low targets, or allocate emission permits to them for free. They could use this money to offset reductions in labour taxes, or to help provide the financing needed to support action in developing countries.
Low-carbon electricity from wind, solar, nuclear or coal plants fitted to sequester CO2 is also more capital intensive than from CO2-emitting plants. The researchers found that public discourse on reducing one's carbon footprint overwhelmingly focuses on low-impact behaviors, and that mention of the high-impact behaviors is almost non-existent in the mainstream media, government publications, K school textbooks, etc. The transport sector accounts for nearly a quarter of global CO2 emissions and several countries have been establishing battery-charging infrastructures and introducing priority road lanes for clean vehicles, while offering rebate schemes on electric vehicle purchases. As for mitigation, policies aimed at reducing emissions in agriculture may be more cost-competitive than in some industrial and transport options.
These commitments would be reckoned on a net basis, considering sinks as well as sources, and each country must credibly measure its contribution and meet its commitment. Efficient energy use, sometimes simply called "energy efficiency", is the goal of efforts to reduce the amount of energy required to provide products and services. In cities in developing and emerging economies, where much of the infrastructure is still being built, urban expansion can be managed to limit the demand for energy-intensive mobility and promote sustainable transport systems. Much low-carbon technology is still at an early a phase of development and needs open access to global value chains to avail itself of innovation and raw materials at affordable prices. Some defend the use of border tax adjustments BTAs - import fees levied by carbon-restricting countries on goods manufactured in non-carbon-restricting countries to address concerns about competitiveness and carbon leakage. But there are also a growing number of myths and misconceptions that have come to underpin much of the debate.
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As well as being a source of climate change, agriculture is affected by shifts in climate. A Taxonomy of Instruments to Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions and their Interactions By Romain Duval This paper reviews alternative national and international climate change mitigation policy instruments and interactions across them.
However, more recently other international approaches have been put in place, the Asia Pacific Partnership and agreements under the G8, starting with their meeting in Gleneagles, UK. Electrifying heating loads may also provide a flexible resource that can participate in demand response.
It would also improve economic efficiency. Agriculture also involves land-use changes, including deforestation and desertification of fragile grasslands. The transport sector accounts for nearly a quarter of global CO2 emissions and several countries have been establishing battery-charging infrastructures and introducing priority road lanes for clean vehicles, while offering rebate schemes on electric vehicle purchases.
However, the resulting wholesale markets do a poor job at triggering investment in new electricity generation capacity. Research, development and deployment of technology should be focused on cost-effective climate change adaptation measures and breakthroughs needed to deliver affordable, lower carbon energy solutions that can be adopted globally, at scale and without subsidies.
Policy Responses to Climate Change Updated June The human enhancement of global warming leading to climate change is seen as a worldwide problem. Within countries, emissions e. Some 21 countries have designed green industrial policies to favour domestic manufacturers through local-content requirements, notably in the wind- and solar-energy sectors.
Moreover, when you take a deeper look into the global-emissions data, emissions are projected to continue rising for the foreseeable future, despite the Kyoto Protocol and the much-heralded Paris Climate Accords treaty.
Developing solutions of the scale required by the climate change challenge will be a complex endeavor.
Access and download statistics Corrections All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. Eventually, entry into force depended on the Unilateral OECD policies to mitigate global climate change book of Russia, another large greenhouse gas emitter.
For an equivalent amount of heat, burning natural gas produces about 45 per cent less carbon dioxide than burning coal. Mobility policies also matter. Taxes and tax expenditures on corporate income should also be looked at; a preliminary survey of tax provisions for investment in the G20 countries shows occasional biases in favour of energy-intensive activities that could be evened out.
The economics of switching the demand side from fossil fuels to electricity for heating, will depend on the price of fuels vs electricity and the relative prices of the equipment.
Yet, there are less than 90 days before that crucial Unilateral OECD policies to mitigate global climate change book, and many questions still remain without answers. Its insights will help feed the climate change discussions at the G20 Summit in Pittsburgh, and hopefully open the path to a broad and ambitious agreement in Copenhagen.
And we need it now! As in most other sectors this carbon footprint is increasing, since farming is set to expand to produce more food for a growing world population. Three questions should preoccupy policy makers, and domestic and international regulators: Is their investment framework aligned with the low-carbon transition, and free of conflicting incentives in competition, trade, tax and innovation policies?
The OECD is looking hard at the questions, such as the synergies and trade-offs as producers reduce their carbon footprint while remaining competitive. Low-carbon electricity from wind, solar, nuclear or coal plants fitted to sequester CO2 is also more capital intensive than from CO2-emitting plants.
Misalignments can also be found in development assistance policies. But there are also a growing number of myths and misconceptions that have come to underpin much of the debate.The OECD has been working on climate-change economics and policy since the late s.
The OECD works closely with governments to assist them in identifying and implementing least-cost policies to reduce GHG emissions in order to limit climate change, as well as to integrate adaptation to climate change into all relevant sectors and policy areas.
Compare your country: Climate change mitigation This online tool is showcasing information on policies, trends and data downloads related to climate change mitigation in OECD countries, partner economies and the European Union.
Click on "countries" to access detailed country profiles. The pollution haven hypothesis suggests that unilateral domestic climate change mitigation policy would impose significant economic costs on carbon-intensive industries, resulting in declining output and increasing net imports.
In order to evaluate this hypothesis, we undertake a two-step empirical.The linkages and interactions between climate change, land use, ecosystems and agriculture are inextricable, offering pdf opportunities for synergies and the need to reconcile trade-offs when devising policies.
The OECD is conducting multiple areas of work across this diverse nexus of issues. Agriculture and Climate Change.Sep 16, · Combating Climate Change through Quality Education This brief reviews the current policies and actions on climate change and the barriers to engaging the education sector in the discussions on.This stock-taking report showcases Ebook added value in the field of climate change policy; enhance transparency; hold OECD members accountable for their action on climate to date; and.